Oral surgery encompasses a range of surgical procedures aimed at addressing various issues within your teeth, gums, jaws, and other oral structures. This encompasses a wide array of procedures, such as extractions, implants, gum grafts, and jaw surgeries. Typically, oral surgery is conducted by specialized professionals, either an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist, who possess specialized expertise in performing oral surgery procedures.
What Is Oral Surgery?
Oral surgery serves as an encompassing phrase for surgical interventions conducted within the realm of your teeth, gums, jaw, and the adjoining oral and facial structures. This comprehensive field encompasses a diverse array of procedures, spanning from tooth extractions and dental bone grafts to periodontal (gum) grafts and corrective jaw surgery.
Why Is Oral Surgery Performed?
Oral surgery may be required for various reasons, with your dentist possibly suggesting it in cases of:
- Advanced tooth decay.
- Severely fractured teeth.
- Gum disease.
- Impacted teeth.
- Tooth loss.
- Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD).
- Jaw bone deterioration.
- Sleep apnea.
- Oral cancer.
- Noncancerous oral pathology, such as benign lumps or growths.
What Are The Different Types of Oral Surgery?
The realm of oral surgery encompasses a multitude of essential procedures conducted each year to address a range of dental and facial concerns. Among the most prevalent procedures are tooth extraction, dental bone grafts, dental implants, periodontal surgery, corrective jaw surgery, sleep apnea surgery, and cleft lip and palate repair.
A frequent and fundamental oral surgery is tooth extraction, often recommended in cases of severe tooth decay, gum disease, dental trauma, or complications with wisdom teeth. Tooth extractions may be performed to prepare for dentures or prosthetic devices, preserving overall oral health. While dentists strive to preserve natural teeth, extractions become necessary to ensure long-term well-being. Wisdom tooth extraction is also often advised as a preventive measure against cavities and bone loss.
Dental Bone Graft
Dental bone grafts address bone loss in the jaw, a result of missing teeth where roots no longer stimulate the nerves, leading to deterioration. This graft restores density and volume to the jawbone, facilitating future dental implant placement. Bone grafts are sometimes incorporated during periodontal surgery to counteract gum disease-related bone erosion, providing a solid foundation for maintaining tooth strength.
Renowned for their durability, dental implants are deemed the most reliable long-term teeth replacement solution. These small posts, typically made from medical-grade titanium or zirconia, are implanted into the jaw to replicate missing teeth roots. Following implant healing, restoration with dental crowns, bridges, or dentures is possible.
For moderate to severe periodontitis, gum specialists may recommend gum disease treatment involving incisions along the gum line. Tissues are temporarily repositioned to allow for teeth root cleaning, eliminating plaque and bacteria accumulation. Gum recession may necessitate gum grafting, using donor tissue to reinforce areas of tissue loss.
Corrective Jaw Surgery
Corrective jaw surgery, or orthognathic surgery, targets skeletal jaw abnormalities. Beneficial for enhancing chewing function, aligning misalignment, and addressing facial imbalances, this surgery may also alleviate pain from TMJ dysfunction (TMD).
Sleep Apnea Surgery
Severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) cases might require surgical intervention, as OSA involves throat tissue blockage during sleep. While conservative methods like oral appliance therapy or CPAP machines are effective, surgery becomes an option for significant cases.
Cleft Lip and Palate Repair
Cleft lip and palate conditions arise when facial structures fail to develop completely in the womb, leading to openings in the upper lip or roof of the mouth. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons conduct cleft lip and palate repairs to restore eating function and support proper speech development in affected children.
These diverse oral surgery procedures underscore our commitment to advancing oral health, improving function, and enhancing quality of life. At the forefront of oral surgery, we strive to provide comprehensive care and tailored solutions for your unique needs.