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What is Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty? How Is It Performed? What Are The Costs?

In recent years, Gingivectomy has become a more preferred procedure. In its most general form, it can be explained as the lengthening of the teeth. This method, which is also used in the treatment of gum diseases, involves the removal of gum tissue through surgical intervention. By shaping the healthy gum tissues existing around the teeth, it is possible to achieve a much more aesthetically pleasing smile. The procedure, performed by periodontists who specialize in gum tissues and gum diseases, also addresses aesthetic concerns.

Additionally, Gingivectomy is a preferred method in various cases where food gets stuck between the gums, and food residues cannot be cleaned during the tooth brushing process. It can also be used to address the problem of excessive gum visibility during speech or smiling and can come into play in the treatment of various health issues. We will also delve into the prices of this intervention, the situations in which it is applied, and other related topics. However, let’s first review how it is done.

What is Gingivoplasty?

It refers to a surgical procedure performed to reshape or contour the gum tissues. Gingivoplasty is often done to improve the appearance of the gums and teeth, particularly in cases where there is excessive gum tissue or irregular gum contours.

How is Gingivectomy Performed?

Certainly, the gingivectomy procedure is not as painful as one might think. Before starting the procedure, the area to be treated is numbed, ensuring that the patient does not experience any pain or discomfort during the intervention. Therefore, there is no need for individuals who want to achieve an aesthetic smile or resolve various gum problems to avoid this procedure due to concerns about pain.

Prior to the procedure for lengthening the teeth, dental cleaning is necessary. Additionally, in some patients, root surface smoothing may be required. Following the completion of these procedures, the gums can be treated under local anesthesia. It’s worth noting that gingivectomy is performed using specialized surgical instruments. Devices such as a cautery or laser may also be necessary to shape the gums.

The duration of the procedure is often a subject of curiosity. The duration can vary depending on how many teeth are being treated. However, generally, the procedure can be completed within 15 minutes to 1 hour. In cases requiring only a minor intervention, the procedure can be completed in just a few minutes. After the gingivectomy procedure, a protective bandage is placed over the gums. This bandage is protective in nature and remains on the gums for approximately one to ten days.

Patients may have concerns about this bandage. However, the bandage does not hinder eating, drinking, or speaking in any way. Therefore, there is no need to worry about the bandage. When the patient goes for a follow-up appointment with their dentist after the specified period, the bandage is removed.

It can take about 3 to 4 weeks for the gums to completely regain a normal appearance. This duration may vary for each patient, but typically, a minimum of 3 weeks is required. It can be said that the full recovery of the tissues and the 100% appearance achieved through the procedure occur within 2 to 3 months. This allows for the completion of the tooth lengthening procedure and the patient having a much more aesthetic smile.

How Is Gingivoplasty Performed?

Prior to the procedure, it is necessary to clean the teeth from the tartar and plaque buildup. After the required cleaning is performed by the dentist, the teeth are numbed with local anesthesia. Using surgical instruments like a cautery or laser, the shape predetermined by your dentist is given to the gum tissues. This procedure, which takes a few minutes to about 1 hour, is followed by the healing of the gum tissues, adhering to the rules set by the expert dentist.

In Which Cases Is Gingivectomy Applied?

In general, it can be said that gingivectomy is performed for three different purposes. These are:

  • Aesthetic
  • Function
  • Gum overgrowth

Of course, among the listed factors, the most common reason for performing this procedure is aesthetic concerns.


Sometimes, excessive visibility of the gums when smiling can be problematic for patients. Aesthetic concerns arise when the gums are more than 2 mm visible. Excessive gum visibility can detract from the beauty of the smile because it can give the teeth a square appearance instead of a rectangular one. Therefore, this procedure comes into play to improve the aesthetic appearance of both the teeth and gums. The most commonly treated area for aesthetic concerns is the upper front teeth.


Individuals with broken teeth or deep tooth decay may require the lengthening of teeth to the level of the gum line. In such cases, the tooth lengthening procedure is performed to restore the functionality of the tooth. It is worth noting that this procedure can also be done solely to restore the functionality of the tooth.

Gum Overgrowth

Patients with a fibrotic or thick biotype may need to address gum overgrowth. In such cases, gingivectomy may be performed, and in rare cases, gingivoplasty surgery may also be necessary. However, it should be emphasized that this procedure is very rarely performed.

What Are The Prices of Gingivectomy in Turkey?

The cost of Gingivectomy in Turkey can vary widely depending on several factors, including the specific dental clinic or hospital, the location within Turkey, the complexity of the procedure, and whether it is being performed for aesthetic reasons or for addressing a dental health issue.

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